Digital nomad visa: where in Europe can you work remotely?

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Digital nomadism was a thing before the pandemic. But now, with the rise of remote work, the trend has exploded.

European countries are waking up advantages – notably the money – that digital nomads can bring to both sparsely populated towns and villages, and are devising ways to make it easier for them to settle.

What is a digital nomad visa?

“Digital nomad visa” is a rather vague term, but it generally refers to a temporary residence permit that allows foreigners to stay in a country between six months and two years.

For remote workers outside the EU, they can offer an ideal way to settle on the continent without being bound by restrictive tourist visas.

But not all digital nomad visas are created equally. In Iceland, for example, applicants for the program must prove that they earn at least €7,100 per month, while the Portuguese visa requires people to stay in the country for at least 16 months during the first two years after the migration. program approval.

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Countries in Europe that offer a digital nomad visa

We’ve unpacked how these digital nomad visas work in the European countries that offer them, and added what we know about countries expecting to have one soon.

Croatia

Vrbnik

Croatia launched its digital nomad visa in January 2021. It allows successful applicants to stay for one year, which can be extended for a second year.

Requirements include a government-issued background check from your home country, proof of health and travel insurance, proof of Croatian address, and proof that you are a digital nomad.

Applicants must be able to prove that they earn at least €2,370 per month, but will not be taxed by Croatia.

More information here.

Czech Republic

Prague, Czech Republic
prague

Unlike typical digital nomad visas, the Czech digital nomad visa is a long-term residence permit that allows non-European nomads to work independently in the country as a freelancer for up to 365 days. Nomads wishing to work in the Czech Republic must apply for a “Zivno” visa in person through the Embassy of the Czech Republic in their home country.

The application process for this visa is not entirely smooth – it can take between 90 and 120 days and the applicant has to pay a fee of 1,000 CZK (about €40).

More information here.

Estonia

Tallinn, Estonia
talin

Estonia launched its digital nomad visa in August 2020, and the new program allows successful applicants to stay for one year.

You will need to prove a monthly income of €3,504 per month and must be self-employed or work for a foreign company. For the first 183 consecutive days in the country, digital nomads will pay no tax, after which they will be considered Estonian tax residents.

More information here.

Georgia

Tbilisi, Georgia
Tbilisi

Georgia Digital Nomad Visa, Far from Georgia, allows telecommuters who earn at least $24,000 a year to stay in the country for up to a year. During this time, nomads are registered as residents in Georgia and can register with local health care.

Beyond its beautiful countryside – where nomads can find plenty of outdoor activities in the Caucasus Mountains and along the Black Sea coastline – Georgia is one of the cheapest nomadic destinations in Europe. The digital nomad visa application process is also relatively simple: you can apply online in just 10 minutes and receive the visa within 10 days.

More information here.

Greece

An image of a port in Piraeus, Greece, which offers a digital nomad visa for remote workers in Europe
Piraeus

Greece launched its digital nomad visa in September 2021 and allows people to stay in the country for 12 months, which can then be extended for a second year. Digital nomads must prove that they will be working for the duration of their stay by producing an employee contract and showing proof of Greek address.

The minimum monthly income required is €3,500 and the application fee is €75. Nomads will not pay any taxes for the first six months in the country, but also will not be able to use public health or education services.

More information here.

IcelandAn image of the Icelandic landscape with snow capped mountains in the distance

The Icelandic digital nomad visa, announced in November 2020, is perhaps the least attractive of the bunch, with a monthly income requirement of 1 million Icelandic kroner ‚ over €7,100 at current rates. There is also an application fee of $83.

Successful applicants will be able to stay in the country for up to six months and pay no local taxes.

More information here.

Malta

Valletta, Malta
Valletta

The Mediterranean Sea, sun, sand…and a relatively easy visa process make Malta a great place to be a nomad. Interested candidates should complete a typed form and sign it, indicating how long they plan to stay in the country, and also write a letter of intent, explaining their motivations for applying for the nomadic residence permit (as well as presenting the usual documents: passport, proof of income, etc.).

The permit is issued for one year and is renewable – and usually takes up to 30 days to be approved. Applicants planning to stay for less than one year will be issued a national visa for the duration of their stay.

Some conditions to note: nomads must have a monthly income of €2,700 gross per month to be considered for the digital nomad visa and pay an application fee of €300.

More information here.

NorwayAn image of a lake in Norway, which offers a digital nomad visa for remote workers in Europe

Norway does not have a dedicated visa for digital nomads, but independent nomads (with a business abroad) can apply for one. independent entrepreneur visa, which allows them to stay in Norway for up to two years – if they earn a minimum of €35,718 per year.

To apply for the independent contractor visa, applicants must complete a application formprint and sign this control List and pay a processing fee of €600. You can apply for the visa in person either at a police station in Norway or through a Norwegian embassy in your home country.

Key point to note: Digital nomads with an independent entrepreneur visa will have to pay local taxes while living in Norway and will need to apply for a VAT number.

More information here.

Portugal

An image of houses in Lisbon, Portugal, which offer one of many digital nomad visas in Europe
Lisbon

The Portugal D7 visa is one of the oldest digital nomad residence permits, having been launched in 2007. Applicants must earn €9,870 per year and have a Portuguese tax number and bank account. The catch is that applicants must be able to stay in the country for 16 months during the first two years of their stay.

The application process is quite long and people must have health insurance and proof of Portuguese address.

More information here.

Countries with upcoming visas

Italy

An image of Rome, Italy with the Victor Emmanuel II national monument in the distance
Rome

It’s still unclear when the Italian Digital Nomad Visa will be available, but we do know some information about what it will mean for nomads. It is thought to give people the right to reside in Italy for a year and will likely come with a minimum income requirement. The visa will also only be available for “highly skilled workers”, but it is unclear how this will be determined.

More information here.

MontenegroKotor, Montenegro

Montenegro hasn’t quite finalized its plans for its digital nomad visa yet, but it’s expected to roll out later this year. From now on, the visa should allow nomads to live in Montenegro for two years, with the possibility of renewing the visa for another two years after that. There has also been talk of tax breaks for nomads who hold this visa, although further details have yet to be released.

More information here.

Spain

An image of Barcelona, ​​Spain, which will soon have a digital nomad visa
Barcelona

Spain’s digital nomad visa has been in the works for some time, but Sifted understands the government will have the legislation by the end of the year.

It is still unclear exactly what rules will surround the visa, but it is believed that it will allow nomads to live in the country for six to 12 months, with the possibility of an extension.

More information here.

Read more: Where are the best digital nomad villages in Europe?

Tim Smith is Sifted Iberia’s correspondent. He tweets from @timmpsmith. Miriam Partington is Sifted’s DACH correspondent. It also covers the future of work, co-authors Sifted Startup Life Newsletter and tweets from @mparts_

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